1848 - 1912
Frances Allitsen was born Mary Bumpus in London. Although her earliest ambition was to become a writer, she battled her parents' disapproval of a career in music and enrolled in the Guildhall School of Music at the age of 30. She became a popular songwriter, particularly well known for her religious and patriotic songs. Her music is characterized by chromatic harmonies and driving rhythms, using vivid word painting and employing formal structures.